Glossary

Foundational Korean: Grammar Basics Course Glossary

Tuesday, 29 November 2022, 12:31 AM
Site: Survival Korean: Language and Culture Online
Course: Grammar Basics (FKG)
Glossary: Foundational Korean: Grammar Basics Course Glossary
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Sino Korean Words

(Last edited: Friday, 8 July 2022, 11:05 AM)
Sino Korean Words

Definition

Sino Korean words are the words in Korean that actually come from Chinese. This makes up a disproportionate amount of the vocabulary (some 70%). This is not uncommon as English has about 70% of its lexicon originating from French, Latin, and Greek.

Slang (속어)

(Last edited: Tuesday, 12 July 2022, 12:59 PM)
Slang

Definition

Slang is a type of language or words which are regarded as being very informal, more common in speech than writing, and are typically only associated with a particular context (e.g., workplace jargon) or group of people (e.g., skateboarding subculture).

Structure (구조)

(Last edited: Tuesday, 2 August 2022, 2:42 PM)

Definition

Structure refer to sentence-level comprehension of language, including how the arrangement of words within sentences impacts the meaning. Language structure understanding helps speakres interpret the meaning of complete sentences.

Subject

(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:24 AM)
Subject

Definition

 Traditionally the subject is the word or phrase which controls the verb in a clause, and in certain languages, where the morphology also agrees by number/subject and/or gender.

Subject (주제설)

(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:25 AM)
Subject

Definition

 Traditionally the subject is the word or phrase which controls the verb in a clause, and in certain languages, where the morphology also agrees by number/subject and/or gender.

Subordinate Clauses

(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:27 AM)
Subordinate

Definition

A subordinate clause, dependent clause or embedded clause is a clause that is embedded within a complex sentence. For instance, in the English sentence "I know that Bette is a dolphin", the clause "that Bette is a dolphin" occurs as the complement of the verb "know" rather than as a freestanding sentence.

Suffix

(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:28 AM)
Suffix

Definition

 A suffix is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns, adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs. Suffixes can carry grammatical information or lexical information

Superordinate Clauses

(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:30 AM)
Superordinate Clauses

Definition

he terms subordinate and superordinate are relative terms. They describe the relationship between clauses in what is called the Clause Hierarchy - for example - [It was raining] when [I left home].

Syntax (통사론)

(Last edited: Tuesday, 2 August 2022, 2:39 PM)

Definition

In linguistics, syntax is the study of how words and morphemes combine to form larger units such as phrases and sentences.

Synthetic Languages

(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:33 AM)
Synthetic Languages

Definition

A synthetic language uses inflection or agglutination to express syntactic relationships within a sentence. Inflection is the addition of morphemes to a root word that assigns grammatical property to that word, while agglutination is the combination of two or more morphemes into one word