Foundational Korean: Grammar Basics
(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:14 AM)
In grammar, the term particle has a traditional meaning, as a part of speech that cannot be inflected, and a modern meaning, as a function word associated with another word or phrase; generally in order to impart meaning. In Korean, you will these as 이/가, 은/는, 을/를, 한테/한테서, 에게/에세서, etc.
(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:17 AM)
Polysynthetic languages are highly synthetic languages, where words are composed of many morphemes (word parts that have independent meaning but may or may not be able to stand alone). They are very highly inflected languages. Many examples of polsynthetic languages are found among Indigenous languages in North America such as Navajo, Cree, Nahuatl,
(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:19 AM)
The term predicate is used in one of two ways in linguistics and its subfields. The first defines a predicate as everything in a standard declarative sentence except the subject, and the other views it as just the main content verb and evertying that comes after.
(Last edited: Thursday, 7 July 2022, 11:21 AM)
A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word. Adding it to the beginning of one word changes it into another word. For example, when the prefix un- is added to the word happy, it creates the word unhappy. Korean has many prefixes such 불 meaning "no" or "not".